Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

beta-Hydroxybutyric acid (also known as beta-hydroxybutyrate, 3-hydroxybutyric acid or 3-hydroxybutyrate) is a ketone body. It is a chiral compound having two enantiomers, -3-hydroxybutyric acid and -3-hydroxybutyric acid. The concentration of beta-hydroxybutyrate, like that of other… Read More »Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

Lauric acid

Lauric acid, the saturated fatty acid with a 12-carbon atom chain, thus falling into the medium chain fatty acids, is a white, powdery solid with a faint odor of bay oil or soap.


In cell biology, a mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5 to 1.0 micrometer in diameter. Mitochondria are sometimes described as “cellular power plants” because they… Read More »Mitochondrion

Magnesium citrate

Magnesium citrate, a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid, is a chemical agent used medicinally as a saline laxative and to completely empty the bowel prior to a major surgery or colonoscopy. It… Read More »Magnesium citrate

Caprylic acid

Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon saturated fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid. It is found naturally in the milk of various mammals, and it is a minor constituent… Read More »Caprylic acid

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B complex group. Several forms of the vitamin are known, but pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) is the active form and is a cofactor in… Read More »Vitamin B6

Folic acid

Folic acid (also known as folate, vitamin M, vitamin B9, vitamin Bc, pteroyl-L-glutamic acid, pteroyl-L-glutamate, and pteroylmonoglutamic acid) are forms of the water-soluble vitamin B9. Folate is composed of the aromatic pteridine ring linked to… Read More »Folic acid