Vocabulary

Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

beta-Hydroxybutyric acid (also known as beta-hydroxybutyrate, 3-hydroxybutyric acid or 3-hydroxybutyrate) is a ketone body. It is a chiral compound having two enantiomers, -3-hydroxybutyric acid and -3-hydroxybutyric acid. The concentration of beta-hydroxybutyrate, like that of other… Read More »Beta-Hydroxybutyric acid

Lauric acid

Lauric acid, the saturated fatty acid with a 12-carbon atom chain, thus falling into the medium chain fatty acids, is a white, powdery solid with a faint odor of bay oil or soap.

Mitochondrion

In cell biology, a mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells. These organelles range from 0.5 to 1.0¬†micrometer in diameter. Mitochondria are sometimes described as “cellular power plants” because they… Read More »Mitochondrion

Magnesium citrate

Magnesium citrate, a magnesium preparation in salt form with citric acid, is a chemical agent used medicinally as a saline laxative and to completely empty the bowel prior to a major surgery or colonoscopy. It… Read More »Magnesium citrate

Caprylic acid

Caprylic acid is the common name for the eight-carbon saturated fatty acid known by the systematic name octanoic acid. It is found naturally in the milk of various mammals, and it is a minor constituent… Read More »Caprylic acid

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B complex group. Several forms of the vitamin are known, but pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) is the active form and is a cofactor in… Read More »Vitamin B6

Folic acid

Folic acid (also known as folate, vitamin M, vitamin B9, vitamin Bc, pteroyl-L-glutamic acid, pteroyl-L-glutamate, and pteroylmonoglutamic acid) are forms of the water-soluble vitamin B9. Folate is composed of the aromatic pteridine ring linked to… Read More »Folic acid